The region we now know as the Costa Brava has been an area of passage and settlement for different peoples and cultures and the gateway to the Iberian Peninsula from Mediterranean Europe for centuries. Witness to this are the countless historical relics to be found in the region, such as the ruins of the Iberian villages of Ullastret and Puig de Castellet, and the Greek and Roman colonies of Empúries. All these archaeological sites are open to the public.
In the early and mid-20th century, the landscape and people of the Costa Brava aroused the interest of artists of the calibre of Marc Chagall, Pablo Ruiz Picasso, and in particular, Salvador Dalí. The works of the genius of surrealism gave international projection to the region and his legacy can be observed and studied at his house-museum in Port-Lligat, the Gala-Dalí castle in Púbol and the Dali theatre-museum in Figueres, his town of birth.